BodhGaya | The Place Of Pilgrimage


Bodhgaya is a Buddhist pilgrimage centre in Bihar’s Gaya District. Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment here under the Bodhi tree, which is where the Mahabodhi Temple is located.

BodhGaya is currently a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and several other countries, like Japan and China, have assisted the Indian government in constructing facilities for Buddhist pilgrims. Throughout the year, pilgrims from India and outside flock to the area to pay their respects at monasteries, temples, and the remains of the Bodhi Tree.

Bodh Gaya, which is located near the river Niranjana, was previously known as Ursula. Until the 18th century CE, it was also known as Sambodhi, Vajrasana, or Mahabodhi. It is one of the four major Buddhist pilgrimage sites, Kushinagar, Lumbini, and Sarnath.

History Of BodhGaya


Bodhgaya was once known as Uruwela and was located on the banks of the river Niranjana, which is today known as the Dilijan. The first temple on the land is thought to have been erected by King Ashoka. According to legend, Buddha was born on the auspicious night of Baisakhi Purnima in 563 BC in a place that is now part of Nepal.

At the age of 29, Prince Siddhartha, the son of a monarch, left his worldly belongings and travelled far for the everlasting truth. He stopped self-mortification after six years of effort since he did not achieve Vimukthi. He subsequently discovered the Eightfold Path, which set him free from lust, wrath, and delusion, allowing him to achieve enlightenment, or “Buddhatva.”

The well-known Bodhi tree was where he attained enlightenment. In the days that followed, Jesus attracted a large number of disciples, and the village became a pilgrimage centre. Emperor Ashoka was one of his most ardent followers, and he was responsible for the construction of the famed Mahabodhi temple. Around the 13th century, the sacred village grew in popularity, and they created many shrines and temples.

Which Is The Best Time To Visit BodhGaya?

According to meteorological conditions, October to March are optimal for a visit, yet people throng here all year. After October, many monks migrate from Dharamshala to Bodh Gaya, transforming the city into a sea of maroon robes. During December and January, the Dalai Lama himself visits. In the month of Vaisakh (April-May), visitors throng here to commemorate the Buddha Purnima, the auspicious day on which Siddhartha acquired enlightenment.

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What Is The Best Way To Get To BodhGaya?

Gaya (17 km) is the closest airport, with regular flights to and from several destinations. The nearest train station is in Gaya, which is reachable via bus or three-wheel taxis. Varanasi, Nalanda, Rajgir, and Kathmandu all have regular bus services. Travelling by car might be difficult, and it is best to avoid the Gaya Market area.

How To Go To Bodh Gaya By Plane?

Gaya International Airport is 17 kilometres distant. There are extremely few flights that arrive at the airport. One of the best options is to fly into Patna Airport, which is 135 kilometres distant. To get to Bodhgaya, you can hire a cab from either of the locations. Druk Air has a direct flight from Bangkok Airport. Bodh Gaya International Airport is the closest airport.

By Road, How Do You Go To BodhGaya?

From Patna, you can take a taxi to Bodh Gaya. The roads, on the other hand, are narrow, making travel slow and difficult. Travelling from Patna to Gaya takes about 3 hours. In addition, the Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation runs buses to Gaya regularly from cities such as Varanasi, Nalanda, Rajgir, and Kathmandu.

By Train, How Do You Go To Bodh Gaya?

Bodh Gaya is approximately 16 kilometres from the Gaya Railway Station. From the railway station, you can easily hire a taxi and autorickshaw. If you’re hiring an autorickshaw, haggle over the price because it tends to fluctuate.

In Bodh Gaya, Public Transportation Is Available

The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is within 5-15 minutes walking distance of most sights in Bodh Gaya.

Bodh Gaya’s Restaurants and Local Food

Because it is a religious centre, Bodhgaya does not have any non-vegetarian food or drink alternatives. However, the town offers a wide range of cuisines, including Tibetan meals, Italian pasta and pizzas, Thai food, Korean cuisine, and traditional Bihari cuisine.

Gaya is well known for its sweets, and it is the birthplace of a lot of them. Ensure, Tilkut, Khaja, Lai, and Kesar peda are the most popular sweets unique to Bihar. Sattu ka roti, Litti-chokha, Pua, Marua ki roti, Chana Bhuja, Aaloo Kachalu, and other Bihari foods are readily accessible.

Conclusion | BodhGaya

According to climatic conditions, October to March are optimal for a visit, yet people throng here all year. After October, many monks migrate from Dharamshala to BodhGaya, transforming the city into a sea of maroon robes. You must visit this beautiful and historical place.

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